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town planning and drainage system of indus valley civilization

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There was no stone built house in the Indus cities. These prove the presence of good municipal administration. Important Events that took place on 17th November, Revolt of 1857: Causes, Nature, Importance and Outcomes, Remembering acting stalwart Soumitra Chatterjee: Few lesser-known facts about him, Than VS Then: Let us understand the main difference, Gyan Series-Things to Remember 18 April 2019, List of 20 Important Homophones – SSC CGL Preparation Tips. The houses They intersected at right angles dividing the city into square or rectangular blocks. Granaries: Large granaries were located near each of the citadels, which suggest that the state stored grain for ceremonial purposes, times of shortage, and possibly the regulation of grain production and sale. well laid drainage system kept the cities clean. Indus Valley Civilization Lothal - Town Planning Prof.AbhijeetB. There is the ruin of a great granary at Harappa measuring 169 fit x 135 fit. The matting was tied to the wooden beams with cords-some impressions of the cord are still noticeable. Nowhere was a building allowed to encroach on a public highway as in Sumer. There were courtyards attached to big buildings. Important Harappan cities, such as Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Kalibangan, Dholavira and Surkotada, were divided into two parts – a fortified settlement on the high mounds designated as ‘citadels’ and the main residential areas to the west of it called ‘lower town’. A few staircases of burnt bricks have, no doubt, been discovered but, as a rule, wooden staircases were used which have mostly perished. the street. were the granaries which were store -houses. Encroachment on public roads or lanes by building houses was not permitted. The open court was the basic feature of house planning in the Indus valley as in Babylon. The elaborate drainage system was a remarkable feature of the civilization. A high pillared hall having an area of 80 sq. In Mohenjo daro there is also a large building This public bath was attached to the Mohenjo-Daro fort where upper class people lived. Public buildings includes public spaces such as markets, squares and courtyards and administrative buildings including granaries. The higher and upper portion of the city was protected by a construction which looks like a fort. Urban Cities: The Indus civilization flourished around cities. The life in the Indus cities gives the impression of “a democratic bourgeois economy” like that of ancient Crete. The Indus Valley Civilization Had Really good Town Planning that was really advanced with a drainage system,and were very peaceful people. A Sophisticated urban culture. Town planning was a very interesting segment of Indus Valley Civilization. But unburnt sun-dried bricks were also used. Probably the verandahs were decorated with wooden screws which have now perished. Buildings encroached on the roads. Below the citadel in each city lay The fortifications also provided protection against floods and served as the hallmark of social authority over the area they commanded. As it was seen most of the construction was done in the Eastside to extract maximum benefits of sunlight. The streets were straight and cut each other at right angles. are comparable with the modern day city planning. The Indus Valley Civilization can be distinguished from its remarkable system of Town Planning. Situated on the left bank of the desiccated river (Ghaggar) Saraswati in Rajasthan, Kalibangan reveals the same pattern of planning as do Mohenjodaro and Harappa. Brick colonnades were discovered on the eastern, northern and southern edges. The staircases of big buildings were solid; the roofs were flat and were made of wood. The main streets of Indus Valley ran from north to south and east to west intersecting one another at right angles. They ran straight to a mile. which appears to have been the house of the governor. Agriculture and Economy of Indus Valley Civilisation. Two large doors lead into the complex from the south and other entrance was from the directions of north and east. The rectangular town planning Near the granaries were the Banawali (Haryana) was one more fortified town of the Harappan civilization. [16] Another standout achievement of the Indus Valley people was their own meticulously planned drainage systems as well as an efficient water supply. any religious ceremony in India. The great hall or great bath structures are also a part of this serving possibly a religious as well as social function. The citadel at Mohenjodaro contained many imposing buildings; all made of kiln-burnt-bricks, for example, the great bath, the college, the granary and the assembly hall. Town Planning In Indus Valley Civilization. At Surkotada and Dholavira these gateways were quite elaborate, while at other towns they were very simple. The ruins of the cities, so far unearthed, show remarkable town planning, and excellent system of drainage and sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilization. Indus Valley precisely took care of every measurement, weighing systems and equipment. Below principal streets and many lanes ran a main drain, 1 to 2 ft deep, covered with bricks or stones, and provided with sumps and inspection traps at regular intervals.

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